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The difference between components, their instances, and elements confuses many React beginners. Why are there three different terms to refer to something that is painted on screen?

For example, you may declare a Button component by creating a class.

add active class to current element react

When the app is running, you may have several instances of this component on screen, each with its own properties and local state. This is the traditional object-oriented UI programming. Why introduce elements? In this traditional UI model, it is up to you to take care of creating and destroying child component instances. If a Form component wants to render a Button component, it needs to create its instance, and manually keep it up to date with any new information.

This is pseudocode, but it is more or less what you end up with when you write composite UI code that behaves consistently in an object-oriented way using a library like Backbone. Each component instance has to keep references to its DOM node and to the instances of the children components, and create, update, and destroy them when the time is right.

The lines of code grow as the square of the number of possible states of the component, and the parents have direct access to their children component instances, making it hard to decouple them in the future.

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In React, this is where the elements come to rescue. An element is a plain object describing a component instance or DOM node and its desired properties. It contains only information about the component type for example, a Buttonits properties for example, its colorand any child elements inside it.

An element is not an actual instance. Rather, it is a way to tell React what you want to see on the screen.

How to dynamically add CSS Classes to React Elements using State

This is what React will render. For example:. Note how elements can be nested. By convention, when we want to create an element tree, we specify one or more child elements as the children prop of their containing element.

However, the type of an element can also be a function or a class corresponding to a React component:. An element describing a component is also an element, just like an element describing the DOM node.

They can be nested and mixed with each other. This mix and matching helps keep components decoupled from each other, as they can express both is-a and has-a relationships exclusively through composition:. When React sees an element with a function or class typeit knows to ask that component what element it renders to, given the corresponding props. React will ask Button what it renders to. The Button will return this element:. React will repeat this process until it knows the underlying DOM tag elements for every component on the page.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

How to Add Active Class to a Navigation Menu Based on URL

The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I see there are other solutions out there that show how to do this like Conditionally set active class on menu using react router current routehowever I don't think that it's the best way to set an active class on a wrapper to a Link.

On the Link component you can now add activeClassName or set activeStyle.

add active class to current element react

Previously, you could create a custom component that works like a wrapper to Link with the following logic. React-Router V4 comes with a NavLink component out of the box. To use, simply set the activeClassName attribute to the class you have appropriately styled, or directly set activeStyle to the styles you want. See the docs for more details.

I didn't like the idea of creating a custom component, because if you have a different wrapping element you would have to create another custom component etc. Also, it is just overkill. So I just did it with css and activeClassName:. This is my way, using location from props. I don't know but history. You can actually replicate what is inside NavLink something like this. With react-router-dom 4.

The implementation is as follows:. As you can see, NavItem is just a stateless functional component which expects an isActive prop to determine whether active class should be added. Now, to update this prop as the location changes, we can make use of the withRouter HOC. Here, I am creating a functional component inline which receives these objects and determines whether the current link is the active one using the location.

This'll give us a Boolean and we can return the NavItem along with isActive set to the value we computed using location. A working example of this can be found here. Please let me know if there's an easier way to do this.

How to Add Active Class to a Navigation Menu Based on URL

As of react-router-dom 4. The NavLink will add your custom styling attributes to the rendered element based on the current URL.

Document is here. Just use NavLink rather than Link. It will add. For this to update with each path change, include withRouter on the component:. The answer by Vijey has a bit of a problem when you're using react-redux for state management and some of the parent components are 'connected' to the redux store.This page introduces the concept of state and lifecycle in a React component.

You can find a detailed component API reference here. Consider the ticking clock example from one of the previous sections. In Rendering Elementswe have only learned one way to update the UI. We call ReactDOM. Try it on CodePen.

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In this section, we will learn how to make the Clock component truly reusable and encapsulated. It will set up its own timer and update itself every second.

However, it misses a crucial requirement: the fact that the Clock sets up a timer and updates the UI every second should be an implementation detail of the Clock. Ideally we want to write this once and have the Clock update itself:.

You can convert a function component like Clock to a class in five steps:. This lets us use additional features such as local state and lifecycle methods. Class components should always call the base constructor with props. We want to set up a timer whenever the Clock is rendered to the DOM for the first time. We also want to clear that timer whenever the DOM produced by the Clock is removed. We can declare special methods on the component class to run some code when a component mounts and unmounts:.

This is a good place to set up a timer:. Note how we save the timer ID right on this this. While this. We will tear down the timer in the componentWillUnmount lifecycle method:. Finally, we will implement a method called tick that the Clock component will run every second. It will use this. The only place where you can assign this. React may batch multiple setState calls into a single update for performance.

Because this. To fix it, use a second form of setState that accepts a function rather than an object. That function will receive the previous state as the first argument, and the props at the time the update is applied as the second argument:.

We used an arrow function above, but it also works with regular functions:. When you call setStateReact merges the object you provide into the current state. Then you can update them independently with separate setState calls:. The merging is shallow, so this.

This is why state is often called local or encapsulated. It is not accessible to any component other than the one that owns and sets it. Each Clock sets up its own timer and updates independently.There is an explanation of how to use classnames at the end of the article. Earlier today, I needed to add some classes to a link. One class was passed in through a prop, but the other class would be added based on a boolean condition.

Good thing for pull requests, because that one was denied pretty quickly. So, I went Googling and figured out how to use the React classSet utility. This is a simple example, but what about the case where the class is passed in via a prop as opposed to just being switched on or off by a boolean?

This try at adding classes via the React classSet utility allows us to add a class that is passed in via a prop.

add active class to current element react

Note that in this second try that we are dynamically appending our class that was passed in via the className prop to the classes object. React has deprecated React.

Once you have installed classnamesyou will then need to require it in your JSX file. Once we have required classnameswe should be able to simply swap out React.

Even better though, since classnames is so robust, we can just pass in this. View all posts by Eric Binnion. How would this look if i wanted to dynamically set the className on a component in a list? I know that in WordPress. Note how we send a boolean prop that is labeled selected to the NavItem component. This boolean is decided by comparing the id of a menu item to the filter parameter from the path. I am trying to change background color of a row of table according to the data it is showing.

add active class to current element react

Eg- if status is successful its color should be green. How can I do that? Why install a dependency and scatter a whole bunch of import statements when you can just do this:. That looks reasonable to me, and is a bit cleaner than my first approach at dynamic classes that I mention above. Your email address will not be published.JSX is an amazing pseudo-language for React, and if I'm honest, it's what brought me to love React so much.

One drawback of JSX, however, is that it makes accessing component elements indirect, if not difficult. The truth is that accessing a component's own elements is actually much easier than most think.

React Tutorial - Learn React - React Crash Course [2019]

With ReactDOM. Another method of getting DOM nodes is by using ref s; an example usage is detailed in my React and autofocus post :. Both strategies work well so choose whichever you prefer!

My first professional web development was at a small print shop where I sat in a windowless cubical all day. I suffered that boxed in environment for almost five years before I was able to find a remote job where I worked from home. The first Some are APIs we knew we've needed for years, others are cutting edge mobile and desktop helpers.

Regardless of API strength or purpose, anything to help us better do our job is a At last week's Mozilla WebDev Offsite, we all spent half of the last day hacking on our future Mozilla Marketplace app. One mobile app that recently got a lot of attention was Instagram, which sold to Facebook for the bat shit crazy price of one I'm back! David asked me to rope up some of my favorite stuff on CodePen again, which I both love doing, and wince at the thought of having to pick so few favorites.

I like a ton of stuff on What i want is to access on component element in the second component to change it behavior. Help could be appreciated…. By David Walsh November 8, By Chris Coyier May 9, Discussion Ruud.

Continue this conversation via email Get only replies to your comment, the best of the rest, as well as a daily recap of all comments on this post. Use Code Editor.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. In the fiddle, the code only works if I have the statement: this.

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You need to add all state parameters to getInitialStateright now the only thing you have is colorso this. When you set your state to className: something, that is the only thing in there now, even color is gone Finally, React. Most probably, you should better do a verification based on the classNamenot on the color state property:.

Also, as Omarjmh mentioned, you have a typo in your code. Now, replace the className as below and you need to enclose that object where you call div class.

How to Get a React Component’s Element

Learn more. Asked 4 years ago. Active 1 year, 7 months ago. Viewed 22k times. Active Oldest Votes. I am a bit confused on how do I retrieve the classList. Does element. Or is there an other way to do so?

Alexandr Lazarev Alexandr Lazarev This definitely helps. I had a followup question - How do I add a css class to an existing element which already has classes. Also, this is one for single element. Rather than using two state variables, you can do like this. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog. Podcast Programming tutorials can be a real drag.

Featured on Meta. Community and Moderator guidelines for escalating issues via new response…. Feedback on Q2 Community Roadmap. Dark Mode Beta - help us root out low-contrast and un-converted bits.After learning how to import CSS files in React and style your components, probably the most common question which springs to mind is: How can I deal with multiple CSS classes in React?

Or even something a bit more complex, such as: How can I apply one or more CSS classes conditionally to a given element in React? Have a good read.

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As you can see, the className attribute usage is pretty much identical to how we do in pure HTML, by using the class attribute. In simple words, a string with a list of classes separated by spaces. But what if you wanted that one or more classes were applied based on certain condition?

Or if you have a three-step wizard and want to set a specific class depending on which step is active. There are multiple techniques to get this result in React. As you can see, this technique relies on ternary operator—based expressions. To make it easier to see if it works properly, add the following piece of code to your component:. The value of the className attribute is dynamically updated every time the loading state variable changes.

The previous technique works perfectly and is easy to read in simpler scenarios. For these cases, there are better alternatives. One of them consists in adding a simple utility function to your applicationwhich handles the toggling logic for our set of classes.

This is not only possible, but very common. Combining classes which should always be rendered with others that render according to certain criteria. The classList function has a little drawback: it forces us to define a boolean value for fixed classes, like this:. By filtering falsy values, this function allow us to use simpler expressions, without those ternary operators that we saw in the Technique 1.

Besides, if you want to define a fixed class, just include its name in the arguments list. Simple like that! Its biggest advantage is to support multiple usages, like:. Do you want to master React?